Canada facts


So Spooky!
Canada has multiple parties running in its federal elections, but the two main ones are the Liberals and Conservatives.

If the leading party in a federal election has more than 170 seats in the House of Commons (Canada's equivalent of the House of Representatives) that government is a majority government. If it has less than that, then it's a minority government.

The difference is that in a minority government, the other parties have more control than they would in a majority government (where they're called the opposition and provide criticism on any bills that are being passed).

The ruler of Canada is called the Prime Minister, he/she lives at 24 Sussex Drive in Ottawa. The capitol building (Parliament) is where he/she works.

The Prime Minister is allowed to have as many terms as they want, provided they win elections over and over again.

Canada is divided into ten provinces and three territories, Manitoba, Alberta, Quebec, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Nova-Scotia, Saskatchewan, New Brunswick, British Columbia, and Newfoundland and Labrador. The three territories are: Nunavut, the Northwest Territories, and the Yukon.

Each province or territory is ruled by a premier, the premier is represented in the House of Commons by his/her members of parliament (MPs). They reside in the province's capital.

The largest city in Canada is Toronto with a population of over 6 million. The next largest is Montreal, with a population of over 4 million.

Canada is (technically) ruled by the monarch of England. The constitution act of 1982 gave Canada its independence.